2 edition of Systems biology of yeasts--from models to applications found in the catalog.
Systems biology of yeasts--from models to applications
International Specialized Symposium on Yeasts (25th 2006 Hanasaari, Espoo, Finland)
|Statement||edited by Annemari Koukka & Merja Penttilä ; organised by VTT, Finland.|
|Series||VTT symposium -- 242.|
|Contributions||Kuokka, Annemari., Penttilä, Merja., Valtion teknillinen tutkimuskeskus.|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||177 p. :|
|Number of Pages||177|
|ISBN 10||9513863077, 9513863085|
|ISBN 10||9789513863074, 9789513863081|
Yeasts are a group of microorganisms that belongs to the Fungal Kingdom. These unicellular fungi are distributed between the Basidiomycota and Ascomycota Phyla, being a paraphyletic group. Since , its study has experienced a very important advance in terms of its understanding, characterization and taxonomic accommodation. Nevertheless, it is estimated that about 99% of the potential. The specificity of nucleic acid sequences has prompted the development of several methods for rapid species identification. The comparison of RNA (rRNA) and its template ribosomal DNA (rDNA) has been used extensively in recent years to assess both close and distant relationships among many kinds of organisms as a result of the existence of conserved sequences within this region, and .
Engineering complex phenotypes for industrial and synthetic biology applications is difficult and often confounds rational design. Bioethanol production from lignocellulosic feedstocks is a complex trait that requires multiple host systems to utilize, detoxify, and metabolize a mixture of sugars and inhibitors present in plant hydrolysates. Yeast killer toxins may also have medical applications in treating yeast infections (see "Pathogenic yeasts" section below). Marine yeasts, defined as the yeasts that are isolated from marine environments, are able to grow better on a medium prepared using seawater rather than freshwater.
For the determination of extraction efficiency in these kinetic systems, the HTU-NTU (height of a transfer unit and number of a transfer unit) models were developed. The mass transfer model is based on a differential volume element in the column where a thin-film contact for the two phases results in the solute transfer into the extract. Lab-on-a-Chip devices are attractive for medical diagnostics due to their ability to perform laboratory tasks on small scales. This manuscript explores magnetic nanoparticle-based technologies for low-power, remote actuation in Lab-on-a-Chip systems. Two specific applications -- microfluidic pumping and cell separation -- are investigated.
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The 25th ISSY symposium ‘Systems Biology in Yeasts – from Models to Applications’ was a pioneering event in yeast systems biology, held in the Hanasaari Conference Center in Espoo, Finland.
Systems Biology of Yeasts - from Models to Applications: Place of Publication: Espoo: Publisher: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland: Pages: ISBN (Electronic) ISBN (Print) Publication status: Published - Event: International Specialised Symposium on Yeasts, ISSY 25 - Espoo, Finland Duration: 18 Jun.
2 Chapter or book article 2 Conference Abstract 2 Other conference contribution 2 Dissertation 12 results Publication Year, Title Screening of ALD thin films for Cu diffusion barrier applications Puurunen, R.
L., Salonen, J., Nurmela. Abstract. Microtubules polymerise from tubulin proteins and play a significant role in the growth and proliferation of eukaryotic cells.
In yeasts, most studies on microtubules and tubulins have utilised the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae and fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe model systems.
However, more recently interest in the microtubules of other non-conventional yeast Author: Hiromi Maekawa, Douglas R. Drummond. Systems biology of yeasts - from models to applications: International Specialized Symposium on Yeasts, ISSY25, JuneHanasaari, Espoo, Finland Technological operations in quality control of concrete: Espoo, 3 December Introduction.
The term “yeast” was derived originally from the Dutch word “gist,” which refers to the foam formed during the fermentation of beer words referring to yeast, such as the French word “levure,” refer to the role of yeast in causing bread dough to other microbial organisms match the yeasts in terms of historical, economic, and scientific significance.
The word "yeast" comes from Old English gist, gyst, and from the Indo-European root yes- meaning "boil", "foam", or "bubble".
Yeast microbes are probably one of the earliest domesticated organisms. Archaeologists digging in Egyptian ruins found early grinding stones and baking chambers for yeast-raised bread, as well as drawings of 4,year-old bakeries and breweries.
Abstract. Glucose as a favorite carbon source exerts dominant regulatory effects on yeast cell metabolism via several signaling pathways.
They act in concert to fine-tune glucose transport, metabolism, and transcriptional machineries in response to altering exogenous glucose concentrations. While functional genomics and systems biology approaches to industrial yeast biotechnology hold much potential, adapting these approaches to industrial organisms will present a considerable challenge.
Summary and Perspectives. Yeasts have a rich history and a bright future in biotechnology. The examples given above involve a potentially complex set of symbiotic interactions taking place on the surfaces of plant leaves.
The diagram summarizes these interactions and shows how three different types of yeast symbionts can influence the system and, indirectly, one arrows in the diagram indicate beneficial (+) or detrimental (−) influences on the organism at the tip of.
Regulatory issues for commercialization of microorganisms as biocontrol agents. The priority objectives in the area of plant protection products shift toward a rational use of pesticides and a reduction in the number of registered active ingredients to those that are more selective, less toxic, and lacking negative environmental impact (Gullino and Kuijpers ).
A history of research on yeasts 8: taxonomy nevertheless he was the first to publish a concept of the evolution of yeasts from hyphal fungi, maintaining that different kinds of yeast evolved from different kinds of fungi, that is to say, the yeasts are polyphyletic.
The book, however, contains one innovation that was useful: each. Economic Importance of Yeast. Yeast exhibits both beneficial and harmful activities to human beings. Advantages of Yeast. Yeast takes part in the alcoholic fermentation of sugar molasses to alcohol and carbon dioxide.
They are used in baking industries to make bread. They are used in the synthesis of protein, fat, vitamins and enzymes. Yeasts constitute a group of single-celled (unicellular) fungi, a few species of which are commonly used to leaven bread, ferment alcoholic beverages, and. Yeast, any of about 1, species of single-celled fungi, several of which are of economic importance or are pathogenic.
Yeasts are found worldwide in soils and on plant surfaces and are especially abundant in sugary mediums, such as flower nectar and fruits. Shareable Link. Use the link below to share a full-text version of this article with your friends and colleagues. Learn more. Bioprocesses for the production of renewable energies and materials lack efficient separation processes for the utilized microorganisms such as algae and yeasts.
Dissolved air flotation (DAF) and microflotation are promising approaches to overcome this problem. The efficiency of these processes depends on the ability of microorganisms to aggregate with microbubbles in the flotation tank.
Importance of Fungi in Human Life. Although we often think of fungi as organisms that cause disease and rot food, fungi are important to human life on many levels. They influence the well-being of human populations on a large scale because they are part of the nutrient cycle in ecosystems.
They also have other ecosystem uses, such as pesticides. Organizing Committee Members of Microbiology conference are the pioneers in the current research and future trends in Microbiology. The Committee consists of the Eminent forerunners who support & assist the conference, thereby making it a successful event.
The beneficial effects of probiotics are conditioned by their survival during passage through the human gastrointestinal tract and their ability to favorably influence gut microbiota.
The main objective of this study was to use dynamic in vitro models of the human digestive tract to investigate the effect of fasted or fed state on the survival kinetics of the new probiotic Saccharomyces. [Systems Biology of Yeasts – From Models to Applications, Hanasaari, Espoo, Finland, Juni ] In: ISSY25 - International Specialised Symposium on Yeasts:: Systems Biology of Yeasts – From Models to Applications, JuniHanasaari, Espoo, Finland.Yeasts represent one of the growth forms of fungi.
They are unicellular, and reproduce mostly by budding or less often by fission. Most medically important yeasts originate from the division of Ascomycota or from the division of Basidiomycota. A simple biochemical reaction, the urease test, can usually distinguish the yeasts from each of the divisions.Yeast is a fungal microorganism that man has usedsince before he had a written word.
Even to this day, it remains a common component of modern beer and bread manufacture. Because it is a simple organism capable of rapid reproduction and even faster metabolism, yeast is .